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NHS Education for Scotland

A skilled and sustainable workforce for a healthier Scotland

Psychology of parenting

The Psychology of Parenting Project, within the NES Psychology directorate, aims to increase the availability of training in, and support the effective implementation of, evidence-based early intervention and prevention programmes for improving the mental health and wellbeing of children and families.


Psychology of parenting project (PoPP)

The Psychology of Parenting Project (PoPP) works collaboratively with Community Planning Partnerships (CPPs) across Scotland with the aim of improving the availability of evidence-based parent-child relationship focused interventions. This work is funded through the Mental Health Directorate at the Scottish Government.

CPPs who become PoPP sites receive implementation support and training to make available the highest quality evidence-based interventions to support families. PoPP offers the CPPs that they work with training, resources, and implementation support to deliver Incredible Years and Triple P groups to parents of 3 – 12-year-olds and Group Teen Triple P to parents of 12 – 16-year-olds. The groups aim to build a strong parent-child relationship, empower families and support them to promote resilience and healthy development in their children.

Following the initial implementation support and training, the PoPP team offers ongoing support to sustain group delivery through additional trainings, resources, data updates and implementation support.

Click here for a short video describing the aims of the Psychology of Parenting Project, how it fits within CPPs, the supports offered by PoPP and how the interventions are delivered.

You can also access videos describing the Incredible_Years_Intervention here and a video describing Level 4 Group Triple P.

Further information about the background to the psychology of parenting project and outcomes to date can be found in our most recent PoPP Briefing Paper - March 2024 [PDF]. In addition, a published evaluation of the Psychology of Parenting Project can be found here.

If you wish to enquire about becoming a PoPP site please contact

Our PoPP training offers are delivered by the Parenting workstream. More details about this work can be found here Parenting Workstream -Early Intervention and Prevention [PDF].

As described in this document the Parenting workstream was involved in the development of the Early Intervention Framework for Children and Young People’s Mental and Wellbeing, more information about the framework can be found here - Provision of psychological interventions and therapies guide (

Closely related to PoPP is our Infant Mental Health training offers, more information about these trainings can be found here.

Connecting with Parents’ Motivations

Connecting with Parents’ Motivations (CwPM) is a strength-based communication skills training system. It is designed to enhance the abilities of the early years and the wider

children and families workforce, so that they can have more of the kinds of conversations with parents that facilitate uptake of support.

The CwPM manualised training programme is geared towards the promotion of non-judgemental, empowering partnerships between practitioners and parents. The training encourages greater use of specific strength-based communication skills that have been scientifically demonstrated to increase engagement in other therapeutic contexts. It draws on best practice examples in this area and incorporates key strategies from motivational interviewing, solution-focused and person-centred, strength-based approaches.

Psychology of Parenting offers cascade training to staff who wish to run trainings of CwPM locally to staff, with the aim of increasing staff skills in engaging families into evidence-based parenting programmes.

Further information about the development and delivery of CwPM can be found in our briefing paper [PDF].

For information about upcoming trainings contact

Last updated: 29/03/2024

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